Father, Son, and Holy Spirit / Part Four

The Early Christian Record verses the Council of Nicea

The early church fathers concurred with the rest of Holy Scripture that neither the Son of God, nor the Holy Spirit, were equal to God the Father in power, rank, or authority.

Justin Martyr wrote:  “Whom, having learned Him (Christ), to be the Son of the Very God, and holding Him to be in second place, and the Spirit of prophecy in the third, I will prove that we worship with reason. . .”

Next to God, we worship the Word, who is from the unbegotten and ineffable God, since He also became man.”

Tertullian wrote:  “Thus the Father is distinct from the Son, being greater than the Son; inasmuch as He who begets is one, and He who is begotten is another; He to who sends is one, and He who is sent is another.”

Origen wrote:  The God and Father, who holds the universe together, is superior to every being that exists, for He imparts to each one from His own existence that which each one is; the Son, being less than the Father, is superior to rational creatures alone (for He is second to the Father); the Holy Spirit is still less and dwells within the saints alone.  So that in this way the power of the Father is greater than that of the Son and of the Holy Spirit; that of the Son is more than that of the Holy Spirit. . .

“It is also a question for investigation, whether the ‘only begotten‘ and ‘first-born of every creature‘ is to be called ‘substance of substances,’. . . while above all there is His Father and God.”

Ignatius wrote:  Heretics who would make Jesus identical with the Father err, when they suppose Christ to be unbegotten.  There is but one unbegotten Being, God even the Father, and the only begotten Son, God, the Word and man; and one comforter, the Spirit of Truth.”

“They introduce God as a Being unknown; they suppose Christ to be unbegotten; . . . Some of them say that the Son is a mere man, and that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are but the same person, and that the creation is the work of God, not by Christ, but by some other strange power.  Be on your guard, therefore, against such persons.” — (The Epistle of Ignatius to the Trallians, Chapter VI – Abstain from the Poison of Heretics)

The above testimonies all confirm what the Apostle Paul wrote, under inspiration, at Ephesians 4:4-6:

“4 There is one body and one Spirit (the Holy Spirit), just as you also were called in one hope of your calling, 5 one Lord (Christ Jesus), one faith, one baptism, 6 one God and Father of all, who is over (above) all and through all and in all.”  (Previously cited)

The Apostasy in The Church 

The views expressed by these early church fathers would have been viewed as heretical, had they lived only 150 years later to witness the Council of Nicea in 325 CE.  Note the following doctrinal differences:

The Early Church Fathers:  Christ had a beginning, a time when He was not.  Christ (the Word or Wisdom) was the firstborn of every creature or first born of creation, begotten, created, or generated by God the Father, the first of His creative works.  The Father is greater than the Son and the Holy Spirit in power.  The unbegotten God or Father, who is the First and Sovereign God, is greater than His only begotten Son, whom He sent forth.  The Father and Son are one in divine nature (essence) or spirit, as God is a Spirit.

Note the contrast in Trinitarian Doctrine following the Council of Nicea:

The Nicene Creed states:  “We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten not made, of one Being with the Father (Being of one substance with the Father).”  (Variation in brackets found in the later version of the Nicene Creed)

The Athanasian Creed, a later creed, which expounded on the Nicene version of the trinity, states:  “. . . But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost is all one; the glory equal, the majesty coeternal. . .”

“. . . The Father eternal, the Son eternal, and the Holy Ghost eternal. . .”

“. . . So likewise the Father is almighty, the Son almighty, and the Holy Ghost almighty. . .”

The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten.  The Son is of the Father alone; not made, nor created, but begotten.”

“And in this trinity none is a fore or after the other; none is greater or less than another.  But the whole three persons are coeternal together, and coequal.”

At this point the reader should ask himself or herself this question: How can the Father be unbegotten, neither created nor made, and the Son be begotten, neither created nor made?  The terms unbegotten and begotten are antonyms.  This means that they have opposing definitions.  This would be like trying to convince someone that an unmarried person shares the same definition and marital status as a person who is married.  This is sheer double talk!

The council of Nicea went on to state that all three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, are coequal, coeternal, and almighty.  They also officially formalized the doctrine, that God is a substance rather than a Spirit.  

The bishops, who formulated the trinity doctrine at the council of Nicea, were not acting under inspiration of the Holy Spirit or Apostolic authority.  (Refer to Acts 2:42, Galatians 1:8-9, 2 Timothy 3:16, & 2 Peter 1:20-21)  The distinct contrast of the trinity concept taught by the early Christians, versus that of the trinity doctrine formulated at the council of Nicea, is obvious.  The early Christians believed that the Son was begotten, created, generated, or made; the firstborn of every creature or of creation; that the Son had a beginning or a time when He was not; that He was not coeternal with the Father; that the Son was once again begotten or given life, when God the Father resurrected Him as the firstborn from the dead; that the Son and the Holy Spirit were subordinate or subject to God the Father and not coequal to the Father; that there was only one unbegotten God (the Father), who sent His only begotten Son (the only begotten God), to reveal Himself to mankind. 

The beliefs of the apostles and of the early church fathers (ex. Justin Martyr, Origen, and Tertullian) would have been viewed as heretical, following the Council of Nicea in 325 CE.  Anyone professing such beliefs was excommunicated or put to death by the Roman Catholic church during the fourth century.  

Note what the final words of the Athanasian Creed state, regarding this fourth century version of the trinity.  The acceptance of this man-made creed became an issue involving one’s salvation:

“He therefore that will be saved must thus think of the trinity.”

Note, what a final clause in the Nicene Creed had to say, for all of those who did not endorse it. 

“But those who say:  ‘There was a time when He was not,’ and ‘He was not before He was made;’ and ‘He was made out of nothing,’ or ‘He is of another substance’ or ‘essence’ or ‘the Son of God is created,’ or ‘changeable,’ or ‘alterable’-they are condemned by the holy catholic and apostolic church.”

          The God and Father of Our Lord Jesus Christ

The New Testament contains many verses that refer to Almighty God (Yahweh) as the “God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”  Statements to this effect can be found in the opening salutations of many of the letters in the New Testament and also in Jesus’ own words.  This important scriptural fact should have laid to rest any question in the minds of those who sought to make the Son equal to God the Father.  The scriptures make it clear that the Son is not equal to God the Father in authority, rank, or power.  The fact that the Son is subject to God the Father, is also made clear from the writings of the early church fathers.  God the Father was, and still is, Jesus Christ’s God.  This was true while Christ was on earth, and is also true following His resurrection, glorification, and ascension to heaven.

Mark 15:34 states:  “At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, . . . ‘MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?'”

At this critical point in time, God the Father withdrew from His Son.  He had to turn away from His Son, who bore all of our iniquities and transgressions on the cross.  (Isaiah 53:4 & 11)  Christ, in bearing all of our sins, became a curse for us.  (Galatians 3:13)  That God the Father was truly Jesus’ “God,” is evident from Jesus’ own words: My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?”

Note, that after His resurrection and glorification, Jesus spoke of ascending to His God and Father. 

At John 20:17 Jesus said to Mary Magdalene:  “Stop clinging to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.” (Previously cited)

Following Jesus’ resurrection and glorification, early Christians worshiped the “God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Romans 15:6 states:  “so that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

Ephesians 1:3 states:  “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. . .”

Ephesians 1:17 states:  “that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.”

Colossians 1:3 states:  “We always thank God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, when we pray for you.”

2 Corinthians 1:3 states:  “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.”

1 Peter 1:3 states:  “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.”

The Book of Revelation refers to God the Father as being Jesus’ God and Father.

Revelation 1:6 states:  “And He (Christ) made us to be a kingdom, and priests to His God and Father— to Him be the glory and dominion forever and ever.  Amen.”

Note Jesus’ words at Revelation 3:12, where Christ refers to His Father as “my God,” four consecutive times.

“He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will not go out from it anymore; and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God, and my new name.”  Revelation 3:14

When God anointed Christ above His comrades (the angels), God the Father was still Jesus’ God.  This was made clear by the writer of Hebrews.

Hebrews 1:9 states:  “Thou (Christ) loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; therefore God, thy God, has anointed thee with the oil of gladness beyond (above) thy comrades.”  (Previously cited.  See also Hebrews 1:1-4)

Almighty God is still Jesus Christ’s God and Father following His death, resurrection, and glorification.  This is confirmed in scripture!  There could be no greater evidence of subjugation or self abasement on the part of the Son, than to acknowledge that His heavenly Father is also His God.  

“Our Father Who art in Heaven”

Holy Scripture reveals to us that it is to God the Father and Him alone, that our most intimate and formal worship be directed!  This would include all of our prayers, that they be addressed directly to God the Father in the name of Jesus Christ, who is our Mediator.  Jesus said, “No one comes to the Father, but through (by) me.”  Jesus also said that we must pray this way, “Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.”  This statement by Jesus was all inclusive, meaning that Jesus also viewed Himself as a worshiper of God the Father (Yahweh).  

At Matthew 6:9 Jesus tells us how to pray:  “. . .Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.”

2 Timothy 2:5 states:  “For there is one God, and one Mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.”

Jesus also said at John 14:6:  “. . . I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through (by) me.”

At John 16:23 Jesus tells us:  “. . .Truly, truly, I say to you, if you ask the Father for anything in my name, He will give it to you.”  (See also John 14:13-14)

The Apostle Paul at Romans 1:8 states:  ” First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all. . .”

Romans 16:27 states:  “to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, be the glory forever, Amen.”

Ephesians 5:20 states:  “always giving thanks for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to God, even the Father.”

Colossians 1:3 states:  “We give thanks to God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you.”

The veneration of God and Father was a priority for Jesus during His earthly ministry.  When asked by a lawyer, which was the greatest commandment of the law, Jesus responded:

“You shall love the Lord your God (Yahweh) with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.  This is the greatest and first commandment.”  (Matthew 22:36-38)

Jesus’ response to this question was a direct quotation of Deuteronomy 6:5, where the name of the LORD God would have appeared in the ancient Hebrew text as “Yahweh.”

When tempted by Satan in the wilderness, Jesus gave a similar response to Satan and quoted from scripture: 

You shall worship the Lord (Yahweh) your God and Him only shall you serve.”  Luke 4:8  (See also Matthew 4:10)

Once again, Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy 6:16, where the divine name of the LORD God, “Yahweh,” would have appeared in the ancient Hebrew text.  The worship of God the Father (Yahweh) was of first and primary importance to Jesus!

Jesus acknowledged that His Father was in heaven and never asked anyone to address Him by the title, “Father.”  Instead, He commanded His disciples to call no man on earth their father, for they had only one Father, who was in heaven.

“And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven.”  Matthew 23:9

The early Christian scholar and theologian, Origen (185-254 AD), wrote:

“Now if we are to take prayer in its most exact sense, perhaps we should not pray to anyone begotten, not even to Christ Himself, but only to the God and Father of all, to whom even our Savior Himself prayed, as we have explained, and to whom He taught us to pray.  For when He heard ‘teach us to pray,’ He did not teach us to pray to Himself, but to the Father by saying, ‘Our Father in heaven, and so forth.'”  (See Luke 11:1-2 & Matthew 6:9)

“Great is the Mystery of Godliness”

These words are found in reference to the glorified Jesus Christ, at 1 Timothy 3:16:  

“By common confession, great is the mystery of godliness:  He (Christ) who was revealed in the flesh, Was vindicated in the Spirit, Seen by angels, Proclaimed among the nations, Believed on in the world, Taken up in glory.”  1 Timothy 3:16

According to the Apostle Paul, there is a mystery in the godliness of Jesus Christ.  The fact that he shares the divine nature with His heavenly Father and is referred to as deity or “God” is indisputable.  That Jesus is divine and referred to as “God,” is revealed to us in the following verses:

“Mighty God”  Isaiah 9:6

“Immanuel” (God with us)  Matthew 1:23 & Isaiah 7:14

“the Word was God”  John 1:1

“the only begotten God”  John 1:18

“our great God and Savior”  Titus 2:13

“the true God”  1 John 5:20

(See also the topic, The Deity Of Jesus Christ)

In reading the Old Testament prophecies, concerning the Christ or the Messiah, the scribes and Pharisees were aware that the prophecies referred to the Messiah as Immanuel, “God with us” (Isaiah 7:14), and “Mighty God” (Isaiah 9:6)It is understandable how the scribes and Pharisees, when hearing Jesus refer to God as His Father and that the Father was one with Him and in Him, could think that He (Christ) was making Himself equal to God; a charge of blasphemy and want to kill Him.  Yet Jesus went on to explain that He could do nothing on His own initiative, but only what He saw His Father doing.  Jesus sought not His own will, but only His Father’s will.  He only spoke the words that His Father told Him to speak.  Jesus also said that the Father was greater than all, and that He had only claimed that He was God’s Son.

John 5:18-19 & 30 states:  “18 For this cause the Jews were seeking all the more to kill Him, because He not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God his own Father, making Himself equal to God.  19 Jesus therefore answered and was saying to them, ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; 30 I can do nothing on my own initiative. . . because I do not seek my own will, but the will of Him who sent me.'”

Jesus also said at John 10:29:  “My Father who has given them to me, is greater than all; I and the Father are one.”  (Previously cited)

John 10:33:  “The Jews answered Him, ‘For a good work we do not stone you, but for blasphemy; and because you being a man, make yourself out to be God.'”

At John 10:36, Jesus responded:  “Do you say of Him, whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blasphemingbecause I said I was God’s Son?'”

Jesus said at John 14:28:  “. . . I go to the Father; for the Father is greater than I.”  (Previously cited)

While never denying His divinity or that he was one with the Father, Jesus made it clear that He was God’s Son.  Jesus never claimed to be God the Father, nor did He claim to be equal with God the Father.  Jesus’ total dependence and reliance on His Father can also be seen in the following verses.

John 12:49-50:  “49 For I did not speak on my own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent me, has given me commandment, what to say and what to speak.  50 And I know that His commandment is eternal life; therefore the things I speak, I speak just as the Father has told me.”  (See also John 5:19 & 30, previously cited)

From the above verses, it is clear that Jesus not only imitated His Father in His every action, but that God the Father also dictated to Jesus every word that He spoke.  This would certainly give us a better understanding of certain statements that Jesus made, which in reality emanated from His Father.  God the Father spoke directly to Him and through Him. 

At John 2:19:  “Jesus answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.'”

As was later substantiated from Holy Scripture, it was God the Father who actually raised His Son to life from the dead.  This verse epitomizes the fact, that God the Father spoke directly to His Son and through His Son.  Christ did not resurrect Himself, but rather it was God the Father, by the power of the Holy Spirit, who resurrected His Son.  Christ was given instructions and a charge from His Father, to lay down His life and take it back again. 

At John 10:17-18, Jesus stated:  “For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it back again.  18 No one has taken it away from me, but I lay it down on my own initiative (accord).  I have authority (power) to lay it down, and I have authority (power) to take it up (back) again.  This commandment (charge, these are the instructions or orders, authority) I received  from my Father.”  (See also where God the Father resurrected His Son, at 1 Peter 1:3, Acts 13:32-34, Hebrews 1:5-6, Galatians 1:1, Romans 6:4, Romans 8:14, Revelation 1:18, & 1 Corinthians 15:3-4)

In prayer, the night before He died, Jesus submitted to His Father’s will.

Luke 22:41 states:  “Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me; nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.”

Another example of God the Father speaking through His Son is at John 8:58:

John 8:58:  “Jesus said to them:  ‘Truly, truly, I say to you, before Abraham was born, I am (I Am).‘”

Once again, God the Father spoke directly to His Son and through His Son, in whom all of the fullness of the deity or divine nature dwelt.  (See Colossians 1:19)  In representing His Father and sharing divinity, Christ was authorized by His Father to make this statement.  (See Colossians 2:1-3 & John 1:18)  This does not mean that Jesus was God the Father or equal to His Father (both being distinct persons), but rather as the Word of God and only begotten Son, Christ was the Mediator through whom the Father spoke and revealed himself.  (See John 1:1 & 18)  In making the statement, “before Abraham was born, I am,” Jesus was acknowledging that His Father was one with him, dwelling in Him, and speaking through Him.  He (Christ), by sharing the divine nature as part of the Godhead, was instructed by His Father as to what He should say.  (See Genesis 1:26)  The Old Testament passages referring to Yahweh (Almighty God the Father) as the “I Am,” are found at Exodus 3:14, 6:3 & Isaiah 43:3 & 13.  Thus, great is the mystery of  Jesus Christ’s godliness!  (See 1 Timothy 3:16)

Almighty God The Father

There is only one, “Almighty God,” who is God the Father.  (See Genesis 17:1, Exodus 6:3, Revelation 1:8, 4:8, & 11:17)  God the Father is also referred to as “Mighty God.”  (See Jeremiah 32:17-18)  Either adjective is appropriate in describing God the Father and does not detract from his omnipotence or His being God Almighty.

A simple analogy of this would be in describing the world’s strongest man.  We could use the term “strongest” in defining him, or we could also describe him as being “strong.”  Either terminology would be accurate in way of description.  A man of lesser strength might also be described as being strong, but it would be both inaccurate and inappropriate to refer to him as being the strongest, since he is not the world’s strongest man.

It is the same way with God the Father and His Son, Christ Jesus.  While the Father is referred to in scripture as being both, “Mighty God,” and “Almighty God,” the Son is never referred to as being “Almighty God,” but only as “Mighty God!”  (See Isaiah 9:6)  To refer to Christ as being, “Almighty God,” would be both inaccurate and inappropriate in the light of Holy Scripture. 

That there is only one, “Most High,” can be seen in the announcement that the angel Gabriel spoke to the virgin Mary.

Luke 1:32 states:  “He (Jesus) will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High (the Highest); and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father, David.”

The Psalmist also referred to the LORD (Yahweh), as being the Most High God. 

“Let them know that thou (you) alone, whose name is the LORD (Yahweh), art the Most High over all the earth.”  Psalms 83:18

The early Christian writer, Irenaeus (130-202 CE), outlines a definite distinction between one God, the Father Almighty, who is the Father of His Only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ.

“And others of them, with great craftiness, adapted such parts of Scripture to their own figments, lead away captive from the truth, those who do not retain a steadfast faith in one God, the Father Almighty, and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”

For when John, proclaiming one God, the Almighty, and one Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten, by whom all things were made, declares that this was the Son of God, this the Only-begotten. . .”

“The rule(2) of truth which we hold, is, that there is one God Almighty, who made all things by His Word, and fashioned and formed, out of that which had no existence, all things which exist. . . He [who] is the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, above whom there is no other God, nor initial principle, nor power, nor pleroma,–He is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, as we shall prove.”

The Alpha and the Omega 

There are two entities being represented at the opening of the book of Revelation.  The first is God the Father, who gave the Revelation or Apocalypse to His Son, Jesus Christ.  The second is His Son Jesus Christ, who sent His angel to communicate the Revelation to John, who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ. 

Revelation 1:1-2 states:  “1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God (the Father) gave Him to show his bond-servants, the things which must shortly take place; and He (Jesus) sent and communicated it by His angel to His bond-servant John, 2 who bore witness (record) to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.”

Revelation 1:8 states:  “I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

Alpha is the first letter of the Greek alphabet and Omega is the last letter of the Greek alphabet.  In reference to the Lord God Almighty, it is used to express the eternity of God, “who is and who was and who is to come,” “the first and the last,” “the beginning and the end.”

Clearly the Alpha and the Omega is the Lord God Almighty (God the Father).  That there is a distinction between Him who is and was and is to come (the Alpha and the Omega), and Jesus Christ, can be seen in this same chapter of Revelation.

Revelation 1:4-5 states:  “4. . . Grace to you and peace, from Him who is and was and is to come; (the Alpha and the Omega) and from the seven spirits who are before His throne, 5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first born of the dead. . .

The One who is and was and is to come is the Lord God Almighty, the Alpha and the Omega.  (See above quote at Revelation 1:8)  That Jesus Christ is a distinct person from the Lord God Almighty is evident in the above passage, which states, “from Him who is and was and is to come. . . and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first born of the dead.”  Jesus Christ is referred to as a faithful witness of His God and Father (the Alpha and Omega), who raised Him to life from the dead.  (See also Romans 6:4 & 1 Peter 1:3)  

That there is only one Lord God Almighty, the Alpha and the Omega, who is the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, is also evident from this same chapter of Revelation.

Revelation 1:6 states:  “And He (Christ) has made us to be a kingdom, (even) priests to His God and Father. . .”

Once again a distinction can be seen between the two entities; Almighty God the Father (the Alpha and the Omega), who is both God and Father to His Son, Christ Jesus.

Revelation goes on to identify the “One seated on the throne” as “the Lord God Almighty.”  God the Father is the “One who was and is and is to come,” the Alpha and Omega.

Revelation 4:2, 6 & 8 states:  “2 At once I (John) was in the Spirit, and lo, a throne stood in heaven, with One seated on the throne!  6. . . And round the throne, on each side of the throne, are four living creatures. . .  8 . . . they never cease to sing, Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come (the Alpha & Omega)!” . . .  (Rd. Revelation 4:1-11)

The Lamb, Christ Jesus, takes the scroll from the right hand of the One seated on the throne, the Alpha and Omega, the Lord God Almighty.  This once again shows a distinction between God the Father (the Alpha and Omega) and His Son, Christ Jesus. 

Revelation 5:1, 6-7 states:  “1 And I saw in the right hand of Him who was seated on the throne (the Alpha & Omega), a scroll written. . .  6 I saw a Lamb (Christ) standing. . . 7 and He went and took the scroll from the right hand of Him (the Lord God Almighty) who was seated on the throne.”

The New Testament writers verify that Jesus was seated at the right hand of God the Father, following His resurrection and ascension.  That is why the Son (the Lamb) is depicted as taking the scroll from the Father’s right hand.  Christ did not begin His rule at that time!  Henceforth, Christ sat at the right hand of God and awaited future enthronement and kingdom rule.  This was given to Him by the One seated on the throne, the Alpha and the Omega.  (Rd. Psalms 110:1, Mark 16:19, Acts 2:33, Acts 7:55, Hebrews 1:3, & Hebrews 10:12, etc.)

Revelation Chapter 21:1-5 speaks of a new heaven and a new earth, where the blessings and the tabernacle of God would be among men.  Once again, God the Father is identified as the “Alpha and the Omega,” “the beginning and the end.”

Revelation 21:5-6 states:  “5 And He who sits on the throne said, ‘Behold, I am making all things new.’  And He said,  ‘Write, for these words are faithful and true.’  6 And He said to me, ‘It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end.'”

This same chapter in Revelation goes on to show that there is a a distinction between God Almighty (the Alpha and Omega) and the Lamb of God (Jesus Christ).

Revelation 21:22 states:  “And I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the Almighty and the Lamb (Christ Jesus) are it’s temple.”

Note that the above passage shows a distinction between “the Lord God, the Almighty” and “the Lamb.”   This once again would indicate that there is only one Alpha and Omega, the Lord God Almighty. 

The final mention of the “Alpha and the Omega” is at Revelation 22:12-13, which states:

“12 Behold, I am coming quickly, and my reward is with me, to render to every man according to what he has done.  13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”Revelation 22:12-13 

The above verse reveals that the Lord God Almighty is coming quickly.  Just as Jesus Christ is coming to execute judgment and establish His kingdom, so also His heavenly Father is coming to execute judgment and set up His kingdom through His Son, Christ Jesus.  Recall how all power, authority, and kingship is given to the Son by Almighty God the Father.  That God the Father is coming, and His kingdom is coming, can be seen in the following verses:

Jesus taught us to pray to the Father, “Thy kingdom come.”

Our Father who art in heaven, . . . thy kingdom come, thy will be doneon earth as it is in heaven.”  Matthew 6:9

Revelation 1:8 states of God the Father:  “I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.”

Revelation 4:8 states:  “. . . Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord God Almighty, who was and is and is to come!” . . .

Daniel 2:44 states:  “In the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed. . .”

Revelation 11:17 states:  “We give thee thanks, O Lord God the Almighty, who art and who wast, (the Alpha and the Omega) because thou hast taken thy great power and begun to reign.”

Zephaniah 1:14 states:  “Near is the great day of the LORD (Yahweh)Near and coming very quickly.”  (See also verses 15-18)

Malachi 4:5 states:  “Behold I am going to send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the LORD (Yahweh).”

Isaiah 26:21 states:  “For behold, the LORD (Yahweh) is about to come out of his place, to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity.”

Isaiah 66:15-16 states:  “15 For behold, the LORD (Yahweh) will come in fire. . . 16 For the Lord will execute judgment by fire, and by His sword on all flesh.”

The coming of God’s kingdom is a joint venture, involving both God the Father and His Son Jesus Christ.  In this sense they are both coming.

Revelation 11:18 states:  “The kingdom of our world has become the kingdom of our Lord (God the Father), and of His Christ.”

Jesus said at Matthew 16:27:  “For the Son of Man is to come with His angels in the glory of His Father (in His Father’s glory). . .”  (See also Daniel 7:13-14, Psalms 2:1-9, & Psalms Ch. 110)

The above passages once again confirm a definite distinction between these two persons.  Note the possessive nature of the statement, “and of His Christ.”  God the Father not only empowers His Son, but also gives Him the kingdom and the authority to rule.  (See Daniel 7:13-14, Psalms 2:6-8, Psalms 110:1-2, Acts 2:34-35, & Matthew 28:18)

The scriptures tell us that the Lord Jesus Christ is also coming quickly and with the clouds.

Revelation 1:7 states:  “Behold, He (Christ) is coming with the clouds . . .”

Revelation 22:20 states:  “He who testifies to these things says, ‘Yes I am coming quickly.’  Amen.  Come, Lord Jesus.”

*Jesus Christ is also referred to as “the first and the last, who was dead and has come to life. . .”  (See Revelation 2:8)   This verse does not imply that Jesus Christ is the Alpha and Omega, but rather that he was the “first and the last” to be raised to life from the dead by Almighty God the Father.  Christ is the first among many brethren to be raised to immortality; the first to rise from the dead.  (See 1 Corinthians 15:20-23, Romans 8:29, & Acts 26:23)  He is also the last and the only one to be raised by His God and Father from the dead.  All future resurrected ones will be raised to life, by the Son.  (See John 5:25-29 & John 6:40) 

Jesus Christ is also unique, in that He is the first and the last to be begotten or created by His Father without intercession.  All future creation came through Him, for Him, and by Him, and apart from Him was not one thing made.  In this regard he is the first-born of creation and also the first-born from the dead, preeminent or first in all things.  (See Colossians 1:15-18)

The fact that Christ was dead for three days and three nights, rules out any possibility that He is the Alpha and the Omega. (See Luke 24:45 & Mathew 12:40)  As Jesus said concerning Himself, “I am the the Living One: I was dead, and behold I am alive forever and ever!”  (Revelation 1:18)  As we have already established from scripture, it was God the Father who raised His Son from the dead.  (See 1 Peter 1:3, Acts 13:32-34, Hebrews 1:5-6, Galatians 1:1, Romans 6:4, Revelation 1:18, & 1 Corinthians 15:3-4, previously quoted)  Almighty God the Father (the Alpha and the Omega) is infinite, without beginning or end.  There was never a time that God the Father, the unbegotten God, was dead or nonexistent!

*Red print is intended to show variations from other translations/ or for clarification/ or renderings from the original languages.

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